Banking stocks, including European giants Deutsche Bank and UBS, experienced significant losses on Friday as concerns over regulatory and central bank actions in response to the worst shock since the 2008 financial crisis continue to rise. Broader financial markets indicators, such as the euro, bond yields, and bank default insurance costs, also display signs of distress.
Market Volatility Pressures European Banks to Issue Equity
Due to recent developments in the Additional Tier 1 (AT1) debt market, European banks are now incentivized to issue common equity, which dilutes shareholder value and contributes to the decline in banking stocks. The AT1 market, worth $275 billion, gained attention during the rescue of Credit Suisse AG and has experienced further selling pressure.
Policymakers Voice Support for European Banking System Stability
Amid market volatility, European policymakers, including German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, French President Emmanuel Macron, and European Central Bank Chief Christine Lagarde, expressed support for the stability of the European banking system. Despite these reassurances, Deutsche Bank shares continued to decline, dropping more than 12% due to increased bond default insurance costs.
U.S. Authorities Consider Measures to Support Fragile Regional Banks
As investors look to the U.S. for measures to support the banking sector, particularly fragile regional lenders, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen announced that bank regulators and the Treasury are prepared to provide comprehensive deposit guarantees. Despite this announcement, shares of major U.S. banks like JPMorgan Chase & Co, Bank of America, and Morgan Stanley experienced declines on Friday.
UBS Acquires Credit Suisse Amid Global Banking Turmoil
The global banking sector has been in turmoil since the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and Signature Bank earlier this month. Amid the chaos, UBS rushed to acquire Swiss rival Credit Suisse after losing investor confidence. According to sources familiar with the plans, Swiss authorities and UBS are now racing to close the takeover deal within a month.
Credit Suisse Rescue Ignites Concerns Over Investor Exposure
The rescue of Credit Suisse has also sparked broader concerns about investor exposure to the banking sector, as the decision to prioritize shareholders over Additional Tier 1 (AT1) bondholders rattled the $275 billion AT1 bond market. These convertible bonds were designed to be invoked during rescues to prevent bailout costs from falling on taxpayers. As part of the UBS deal, Credit Suisse's AT1 bonds, with a notional value of $17 billion, were wiped out, shocking global credit markets.